
Need help with number sequences please!?
My son has been given these and he can't work out the missing number (X) . Neither can I! Can anyone tell me what they are and especially how they got the answer? Thanks very much.
X 3 5 2 7 10
X 2 7 10 13 9
X 6 10 12 8 11.
By the way, he as given twenty PAGES of maths problems to work out. They were handed out on a Wednesday and due to be handed in on a Monday. He's 12 years old (in grade seven). Does anyone else think it's a bit excessive? Thanks again.
My son's gone to bed now but I think it just said " find the missing number". Also, he wasn't given any time in class for this  it was all expected to be done at home. By the way, my wife is a teacher ( grades 1 and 2 but she is trained to teach all grades) and she was very angry at the amount  I think roughly six to twelve questions per page.

I could work out a polynomial and extrapolate backwards to get a possible answer for each of those, but I can't believe that's what he's expected to do. Apart from that, I don't see any obvious patterns here. More information would be helpful. What, exactly, were the instructions given with these problems? What has your son been covering in mathematics lately? That might provide a clue as to what he's expected to do.
Beyond that, there are truthfully an infinite number of possible right answers. What your son is being asked to do in part here is exercise induction  looking at patterns and extrapolating a rule to fit them. I don't know how your son's teacher would respond to this line of reasoning, but any pattern your son sees is a valid answer to the question. To paraphrase Robert Heinlein  deductive logic is always right, but never tells you anything you didn't already know. Inductive logic sometimes gets it wrong but can give you new truths. I guess my point here is don't be too upset if you can't get "the right answer" to these. Pretty much anything you put down can be argued as "a right answer".
As to the 20 pages  well, it seems excessive to me, but it depends on how much work those 20 pages actually represent, how much time they were given in class to work on them, and other factors like that. If you're concerned about it, I'd suggest you talk to his teacher. And please  talk to the teacher before you go over her head. I've had that happen more than once, and it's truly irritating.
Edit: If that's all he was given, then I'm afraid I have no idea where to go from here except what I already said. The question is a crapshoot, so roll the dice.
My thumbrule for middle school students is about half a period of homework per night. If the period is 45 minutes long, then 2025 minutes of homework. It appears this goes well beyond that, so I'd be on your wife's side. Again, I'd urge you to talk to the teacher about it  if for no other reason than to air your concerns.
Sorry  wish I could help.

I doubt the following is what your son's teacher had in mind, but there is a marvelous website that has a database of over 100,000 integer sequences that mathematicians care about. The definitions of the sequences can be esoteric, but two of the examples are there.
Here's how it works: type in the known numbers in order separated by commas. The first example, 3, 5, 2, 7, 10 gave me sequence A122805; the preceding number is 4. The third, 6, 10, 12, 8, 11 gave me sequence A057368; the preceding number is 8.
As the first responder explained, these exercises are a little silly since one can create a polynomial that has whatever roots you want. There are, however, certain integer sequences that do come up in math.
The HW does seem excessive and inadequately presented.
http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/index.html

Here's how it works: type in the known numbers in order separated by commas. The first example, 3, 5, 2, 7, 10 gave me sequence A122805; the preceding number is 4. The third, 6, 10, 12, 8, 11 gave me sequence A057368; the preceding number is 8.
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